Floating Spread Vs Fixed Spread

Category: Trading Guides | Author: Trading Brokers | Date: June 1, 2023

In the financial markets, spread plays a pivotal role in trading. It refers to the difference between the bid and ask prices of a financial instrument, such as a stock or currency pair. The spread serves as a key measure of market liquidity and trading costs. Understanding the different kinds of spread is essential for traders to make informed decisions and optimize their trading strategies. In this comprehensive article, we will delve into two types of spreads, floating spread and fixed spread. By examining their characteristics, pros and cons, and the factors influencing their suitability, this article aims to equip traders with the knowledge necessary to make well-informed choices.

What is Floating Spread

Floating spread refers to the variable difference between the bid and ask prices of a financial instrument. It is a dynamic measure influenced by market conditions and reflects the liquidity and demand for a particular asset. The significance of floating spread lies in its ability to provide traders with a real-time reflection of market conditions and price volatility.

In highly liquid markets with significant trading activity, the floating spread tends to be narrower, while during times of low liquidity or high volatility, the spread may widen.

For example, The floating spread for the EUR/USD currency pair might be quoted as 1.2-1.3 pips. This means that during normal market conditions, the spread can narrow to 1.2 pips (the difference between the bid and ask price) but may widen to 1.3 pips during times of market turbulence or low liquidity.

Floating Spread Pros

  • Floating spreads tend to be narrower in highly liquid markets, which means traders can enter and exit positions more easily, resulting in potentially lower trading costs.
  • It accurately reflects the current supply and demand dynamics in the market, allowing traders to make informed decisions based on the prevailing market sentiment.
  • It can be lower compared to fixed spreads in regular market conditions, providing cost advantages for traders.

Floating Spread Cons

  • It can be volatile, especially during times of high market volatility or low liquidity, resulting in wider spreads and potentially higher trading costs.
  • In times of market turbulence or economic news events, floating spreads can widen significantly, leading to higher transaction costs for traders.
  • Since the spread is not fixed, traders may face uncertainty regarding the exact cost of their trades.

What is Fixed Spread

Fixed spread is a predetermined and consistent difference between the bid and ask prices of a financial instrument. It remains constant regardless of market conditions or volatility. Brokers play a crucial role in setting the fixed spread. They determine the fixed spread by considering various factors, including market conditions, liquidity, and their own pricing models.

For example, A broker might offer a fixed spread of 3 pips for the GBP/JPY currency pair. This means that regardless of market conditions, the spread will always be 3 pips, providing traders with predictable trading costs. It is essential for traders to review and understand the specific terms and conditions set by their chosen broker regarding the fixed spread.

Fixed Spread Pros

  • They provide traders with a clear and consistent cost structure, allowing for better budgeting and risk management.
  • With a fixed spread, traders are shielded from wider spreads during times of high volatility, ensuring that their trading costs remain stable.
  • They are often preferred by traders who engage in scalping or high-frequency trading strategies, where predictable costs and quick execution are essential.

Fixed Spread Cons

  • In normal market conditions, fixed spreads can be higher than the floating spreads offered by brokers, resulting in slightly elevated trading costs for traders.
  • They do not adjust to changing market conditions, which means traders may miss out on opportunities for tighter spreads during periods of high liquidity.
  • Different brokers may offer varying fixed spreads, and traders need to compare and select brokers carefully to find competitive fixed spread options.

Comparison between Floating Spread and Fixed Spread

When deciding between floating spread and fixed spread, it’s essential to understand the differences and consider their impact on your trading. Let’s examine the key factors that distinguish these spread types and their implications for your trading experience.

  1. Flexibility

The floating spread option offers flexibility to traders as the spread adjusts in response to market conditions. During periods of high liquidity, the spread narrows, making it easier for traders to enter and exit positions. On the other hand, the fixed spread option provides less flexibility as the spread remains constant regardless of market conditions. This means that traders will experience the same spread regardless of market liquidity or volatility, offering a more stable trading environment.

  1. Cost

In terms of trading costs, the floating spread option can potentially offer lower costs during normal market conditions, especially in highly liquid markets. However, it’s important to note that during times of market turbulence or low liquidity, the floating spread can widen significantly, leading to higher trading costs. Conversely, the fixed spread option provides predictability in trading costs. However, it’s worth noting that fixed spreads may be slightly higher than floating spreads in regular market conditions, potentially resulting in slightly elevated trading costs.

  1. Stability

The floating spread option can be subject to volatility, which can result in wider spreads and higher trading costs during times of market turbulence or low liquidity. As market conditions become uncertain or less liquid, the spread may widen to reflect the increased risk and compensate for the potential impact on liquidity providers. On the other hand, the fixed spread option provides stability and protects traders from wider spreads during volatile market conditions. Traders can rely on a consistent spread, allowing them to better plan and manage their trading costs.

Determining the Best Spread for You

For traders seeking to decide between floating spread and fixed spread, careful consideration of various factors is essential. Firstly, assess your trading goals and strategies. If you prioritize flexibility and adaptability to changing market conditions, the floating spread might be the better choice. This spread type adjusts to market liquidity and volatility, allowing you to take advantage of favorable opportunities.

Conversely, if you require predictable costs and prefer stability in your trading, the fixed spread could be more suitable. Secondly, evaluate your risk tolerance. Floating spreads can be more volatile, resulting in potentially higher trading costs during market turbulence. If you are comfortable with some variability in costs and can manage associated risks, the floating spread may align with your risk tolerance.

However, if you prefer more stability and want to avoid unexpected costs, the fixed spread may provide a better fit. Consider your trading style and the market conditions you frequently trade in. Floating spreads can offer cost advantages in highly liquid markets, but they may widen during low liquidity or volatile periods. If you primarily trade during stable market conditions or have strategies that thrive in high volatility, the fixed spread can provide the stability you need.

Ultimately, the best spread option depends on your individual trading objectives, risk tolerance, and market conditions, so carefully weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each spread type before making a choice.


In conclusion, the choice between floating spread and fixed spread depends on various factors, including individual trading goals, risk tolerance, and market conditions. Both spread types have their pros and cons, with floating spread offering increased liquidity but potential instability, and fixed spread providing predictability but limited flexibility. Traders must carefully assess their needs and preferences to determine the most suitable option. Ultimately, making informed decisions about spread types can contribute to better trading outcomes. You can also see our guide on raw spread accounts and zero spread accounts for further information.

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